Effects of Water Pollution for Life


Effects of Water Pollution for Life - Water pollution is the entry of pollutants into the aquatic environment, resulting in lower water quality. These contaminants can kill animals and plants that live in them. Also, it can disrupt or sever food webs in aquatic environments.



Water is an important component of the environment for life. Living things on earth cannot be separated from the need for water. Today, the water becomes a problem that needs serious attention. To get good water, in accordance with certain standards, is currently an expensive item because the water is much polluted by a variety of wastes from human activities.

Water pollution, air pollution caused by human activity daily can lead to a change in water quality, water pollution occurred in rivers, oceans, lakes and underground water. The heaviest pollution level is the result of industrial waste discharged into rivers and oil spills in the ocean. Pollution in rivers and at sea has led to the ecosystem and aquatic habitats to become damaged and even die. For the river, dumping of industrial waste / mill has destroyed tens of kilometers along the river habitat.

Industrial waste contains heavy metals, organic toxins, oils and other substances that have a thermal effect and can also reduce the oxygen content in the water. Hazardous waste is in addition to causing damage and even death of the river habitat, also result in health problems for the people living on the banks of river water in the river always use it for everyday needs (MCK)

Effects of water pollution in contrast to the impact of air pollution .. In general, the impact of water pollution divided into four categories (MOE, 2004), namely: • Impact on Life Water Biota amount of contaminants in the waste water will lead to decreased levels of dissolved oxygen in the water. So will result in a life that requires oxygen disrupted water and reduce its development. Besides death can also occur due to toxic substances also cause damage to crops and aquatic plants. Due to the death of the bacteria, the water purification process that should occur naturally in wastewater is also inhibited. With tough biodegradable waste water, the heat from the industry will also be an impact to the death of the organism, if the waste water is not cooled first.

The impact of the impact of the Air pollution includes:
  1. Impact on Life Water Biota: The amount of contaminants in the waste water will lead to decreased levels of dissolved oxygen in the water. So will result in a life that requires oxygen disrupted water and reduce its development. Besides death can also occur due to toxic substances also cause damage to crops and aquatic plants. Due to the death of the bacteria, the water purification process that should occur naturally in wastewater is also inhibited. With tough biodegradable waste water, the heat from the industry will also be an impact to the death of the organism, if the waste water is not cooled first.
  2. Impact on Water Quality: Soil Pollution of ground water from feces commonly measured by fecal coliform has occurred on a wide scale, it has been proved by a survey of shallow wells in Jakarta. Many studies indicate the occurrence of contamination
  3. Impact on Health: The role of water as a carrier of infectious disease among an assortment of others, living water as a medium for microbial pathogens, water as a nest of insects spreading disease, the amount of water available is not enough, so people concerned cannot be cleaned up, and the water as a medium for live vector-borne diseases . There are several diseases that fall into the category of waterborne diseases, or diseases carried by water, which is still widely available in these areas. These diseases can be spread when microbes cause can get into the water sources used to meet daily needs. While the types of microbes that can spread through the water, among others, bacteria, protozoa and metazoans.
  4. Impact on Environmental Aesthetics: With the increasing number of organic substances discharged into the aquatic environment, it will be increasingly polluted waters, which are typically characterized by strong odors besides piles can reduce the aesthetic environment. The problem of waste oils or fats may also reduce the aesthetic. Besides the smell, the waste also causes the surrounding space become slippery. While waste detergent or soap suds will cause the accumulation of very many, this also reduces the aesthetic.
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